Feature | November 01, 2013

Clinical Trial Finds CoreValve Reduces Rate of Death, Stroke in Patients With Aortic Stenosis

Results of the CoreValve Extreme Risk trial presented at TCT 2013

heart valve repair hybrid or cath lab structural heart tct medtronic corevalve
November 1, 2013 — In a clinical trial, the Medtronic Corevalve self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve met the key performance objective of reducing death and stroke in patients with severe aortic stenosis at “extreme risk” for surgery. Results of the CoreValve Extreme Risk trial were presented at the 25th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics scientific symposium (TCT 2013) in San Francisco.
The CoreValve Extreme Risk trial was a prospective, multicenter, controlled, non-randomized, single-arm investigation evaluating the safety and efficacy of the transfemorally implanted CoreValve self-expanding transcatheter heart valve. The trial was conducted in 487 patients with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis. 
All patients were deemed to be at extreme risk for surgical aortic valve replacement, and were thus treated with the Corevalve device. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality or major stroke rate at 12 months; the Kaplan-Meier determined event rate was compared with a pre-specified objective performance goal (OPG). 
Of the 487 patients enrolled in the study, 471 had an attempted implantation and were designated as the primary "as treated" analysis population. Patients were elderly (83.1 years), and were severely symptomatic (NYHA class III or IV, 91.9 percent). The Society for Thoracic Surgery predicted risk of mortality was 10.3 percent ± 5.6 percent and was > 15 percent in 17.6 percent of patients. 
At 12 months, the composite rate of death or major stroke was 25.5 percent, significantly below the 95 percent confidence interval of the performance goal, which was set at 43 percent. While moderate paravalvular leak was observed in 11 percent of patients at one month, 80 percent of patients with moderate paravalvular (PV) leak at one month who survived to one year experienced a reduction in PV leak over time.
“The CoreValve Extreme Risk study achieved its primary endpoint of a reduction in all cause mortality or major stroke at one year compared to a rigorously defined OPG,” said Jeffrey Popma, M.D., lead investigator, director, Interventional Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.
Medtronic has three FDA IDE trials evaluating the Corevalve for high-risk and extreme-risk surgical patients and in patients at intermediate risk for open-heart aortic valve replacement (SURTAVI Trial).
For more information: www.crf.org, www.medtronic.com

Related Content

coherex Wave Crest LAA Occluder

Coherex WaveCrest Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occlusion System.

News | November 24, 2015
November 24, 2015 — Biosense Webster announced it has acquired Coherex Medical Inc., a privately held medical device
Feature | Cath Lab| November 24, 2015
November 24, 2015 — The U.S.
News | Heart Valve Repair| November 23, 2015
NaviGate Cardiac Structures Inc. (NCSI) announced that a first-in-human implant of its catheter-guided, mitral-valved...
Boston Scientific, Watchman FLX, LAA closure device, CE mark, first European implants

Image courtesy of Boston Scientific

News | Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occluders| November 20, 2015
Boston Scientific announced the first implants of the Watchman FLX left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) device
Neovasc, Tiara, transcatheter mitral valve, TMVR

The Neovasc Tiara transcatheter mitral valve is currently being tested in U.S. and international clinical trials. 

Feature | Heart Valve Repair| November 12, 2015 | Dave Fornell
The advent of transcatheter valve repair and replacement technologies is one of those rare instances where there is a
News | Cath Lab| November 10, 2015
TherOx Inc. announced it has received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Investigational Device Exemption (IDE)...
SALUS trial, Direct Flow Medical TAVR device, Medtronic CoreValve, PinnacleHealth CardioVascular Institute

Image courtesy of Direct Flow Medical

News | Heart Valve Repair| November 10, 2015
PinnacleHealth CardioVascular Institute enrolled the first patient in Pennsylvania in a randomized trial studying a new...
Sponsored Content | Videos | TCT| November 05, 2015
Tom Watson, clinical analyst for MDBuyLine, and DAIC Dave Fornell discuss some of the technology trends at the 2015 T
Overlay Init