Feature | July 24, 2013

Researchers May Be Getting Closer to Predicting Patient Risk of STEMI

Publication demonstrates that the TVC imaging system detects cholesterol-rich plaque at the culprit site

InfraredX TVC Imaging System Clinical Study STEMI

July 24, 2013 — Infraredx Inc. announced the publication of key data supporting the ability of its TVC imaging system to detect lipid core plaque in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The study, published in JACC: “Cardiovascular Interventions,” details the identification of a specific cholesterol signature by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) at the site of the culprit lesions causing STEMI, a dangerous type of heart attack. While the TVC Imaging System has been used in more than 3,000 patients worldwide, the present clinical study is the first report of its use in a consecutive series of STEMI patients.

The research was led by Ryan D. Madder, M.D., a practicing interventional cardiologist at Spectrum Health, in Grand Rapids, Mich. The study utilized the TVC Imaging System, which is a first-in-class intravascular imaging system that integrates NIRS lipid core plaque detection and enhanced intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging technology to assess vessel composition and structure.

“We have discovered a near-infrared spectroscopic signature of the plaques which cause myocardial infarction, a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide,” said Madder. “This signature is detectable at the time of cardiac catheterization using a novel intracoronary imaging device. It is our hope that this signature may be capable of predicting a myocardial infarction before it happens. Through an international collaboration with several other centers, further studies are currently underway and others are being planned to validate this signature and to determine if near-infrared spectroscopy can accurately predict future myocardial infarction."

In this study, researchers utilized the TVC imaging system to image the culprit vessel, as identified by angiography, in 20 STEMI patients referred acutely for primary percutaneous coronary intervention. In 19 of the 20 patients, a distinct signature of lipid core plaque (LCP) was identified with NIRS specifically at the location of the culprit lesion. To confirm plaque composition, the researchers compared the NIRS imaging results from the sites causing the blockage and subsequent heart attack to results from non-culprit segments of the patients’ vessels as well as to 46 autopsy specimens serving as the gold-standard of histology. The study’s novel in vivo findings of lipid core plaque at STEMI culprit sites correspond with multiple autopsy studies that have demonstrated that rupture of a large lipid core plaque is the most frequent cause of a fatal myocardial infarction. Most importantly for predictive and preventive purposes, it is likely that the large lipid core plaques observed at STEMI culprit sites were present and detectable before plaque rupture and thrombus formation and the acute coronary event.

“There are many possible treatments already available for coronary plaques at increased risk for rupture and thrombosis,” said James E. Muller, M.D., founder and chief medical officer of Infraredx. “The primary challenge cardiologists have faced has been the identification of plaques likely to cause major adverse events, including heart attacks. The identification of a clear signal so closely associated with culprit plaques in patients suffering STEMI is a major step forward in the effort to identify and treat vulnerable coronary plaques before they cause a catastrophic event.”

The paper, titled “Detection of Near-infrared Spectroscopy of Large Lipid Core Plaques at Culprit Sites in Patients with Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction,” is now available online.

For more information: www.infraredx.com

Related Content

News | Genetic Testing| July 26, 2016
July 26, 2016 — A new study has identified a genetic error that weakens the aorta, placing patients with this and sim
Abbott, Absorb bioresorbable stent, dissolving, UAB, University of Alabama at Birmingham, first in state
News | Stents Bioresorbable| July 26, 2016
On July 20, Massoud Leesar, M.D., of University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital implanted a patient with Absorb, the...
CMS, Overall Hospital Quality Star Rating, national distribution, quailty of care
News | Business| July 26, 2016
July 25, 2016 — The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced that it expects to launch its new Over
Stryker Sustainability Solutions, Angiodynamics Soft Vu Omni Flush Angiographic Catheters, recall
News | Angiographic Catheter| July 25, 2016
Stryker Sustainability Solutions (formerly Ascent Healthcare Solutions) is recalling Angiodynamics Soft Vu Omni Flush...
Million Hearts Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction Model, CMS, reduce heart attacks and strokes, participants
News | Patient Engagement| July 22, 2016
July 22, 2016 — The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently announced 516 awardees in 47 states,
heart failure, after first heart attack, cancer risk, JACC study
News | Cardiac Diagnostics| July 21, 2016
People who develop heart failure after their first heart attack have a greater risk of developing cancer when compared...
Absorb, bioresorbable stent, BVS

The Abbott Absorb stent gained FDA clearance in July 2016. It has metallic markers at each end so it can be visualized for proper positioning under angiographic X-ray imaging. 

Feature | Stents Bioresorbable| July 21, 2016 | Alphonse Ambrosia, D.O.
Some have labeled bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS), also known as bioresorbable stents, as the fourth evolution of inter
mitral valve surgery outcomes, twisting of the heart, echocardiography, NICSMR, JACC Basic to Translational Science
News | Heart Valve Technology| July 20, 2016
A novel study has found a simple pre-operative echocardiographic measurement of the amount of torsion of the heart...
TITAN II Trial, Carillon Mitral Contour System, Cardiac Dimensions, Open Heart journal, functional mitral regurgitation, FMR
News | Annuloplasty Rings| July 20, 2016
New data from the TITAN II trial confirm the safety and efficacy of the Carillon Mitral Contour System in the treatment...
Mitralign, Trialign system, tricuspid regurgitation. SCOUT U.S. study, phase 1 enrollment
News | Heart Valve Technology| July 19, 2016
Mitralign Inc. announced last week it has completed subject enrollment in the SCOUT early feasibility study in the...
Overlay Init