Feature | July 20, 2012

Updated AHA/ACCF Guidelines for Unstable Angina Include Newest Blood Thinning Drug

July 20, 2012 — Ticagrelor (Brilinta), a blood-thinning drug approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2011, should be considered along with older blood thinners clopidogrel (Plavix) and prasugrel (Effient) for treating patients who are experiencing chest pain or some heart attacks, according to joint updated guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA) Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the American College of Cardiology (ACCF) Foundation.

The “focused update” on unstable angina (chest pain) or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association and the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

The panel continues to recommend that all patients receive aspirin immediately after hospitalization, continuing as long as it is tolerated. Among the other new recommendations:

  • Patients unable to take aspirin may receive prasugrel for artery-opening procedures since research on the medication is restricted to those patients. Ticagrelor or clopidogrel may be given whether patients receive medical therapy alone or are also having an invasive procedure;
  • Patients undergoing invasive procedures should receive both aspirin and another antiplatelet medication; and
  • Patients undergoing medical treatment only should receive aspirin indefinitely and clopidogrel or ticagrelor for up to or at least 12 months.


The AHA and ACCF issue focused updates when pivotal new data are reported that may affect changes to current recommendations and meet specific criteria. One year after the last update, the biggest change is the recommendation to consider ticagrelor as a treatment option in addition to clopidogrel and prasugrel. The panel’s report highlights both the benefits (anti-clotting action) and risks (bleeding) of the new drug.

“We have put it on equal footing with two other antiplatelet medications, clopidogrel and prasugrel,” said Hani Jneid, M.D., lead author of the update and an assistant professor of medicine and director of interventional cardiology research at Baylor College of Medicine, and an interventional cardiologist at the Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center in Houston.

Unstable angina occurs when the heart muscle doesn’t get enough blood flow and oxygen because a coronary artery is partially blocked. In NSTEMI, there are also abnormal heart enzymes, indicating that some damage to heart muscle is already occurring.

“These conditions are very common and carry a high risk of death and recurrent heart attacks,” Jneid said. “The AHA and ACCF constantly update their guidelines so that physicians can provide patients with the most appropriate, aggressive therapy with the goal of improving health and survival.”

To continue to improve the treatment of these important conditions, the panel encourages clinicians and hospitals to participate in a quality of care data registry designed to track and measure outcomes, complications and adherence to evidence-based recommendations.

“While this focused update of the guidelines provides important guidance to clinicians, our recommendations are not substitutes for a physician’s own clinical judgments and the tailoring of therapy based on individual variability and a patient’s presentation and clinical diagnosis,” Jneid said.

For more information: www.heart.org, www.cardiosource.org/ACC 

Related Content

TCT 2016, TCT.16, main arena, late breaking trials
Feature | Cath Lab| September 28, 2016
September 28, 2016 — The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) has announced the 11 late-breaking trials and 16 fi
Avinger, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, VA, Lumivascular technology, FSS Contract Award
News | Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)| September 27, 2016
Avinger Inc. recently announced the company has received an FSS Contract Award from the U.S. Department of Veterans...
News | Pharmaceuticals| September 26, 2016
Nearly 2 out of 5 people with diabetes who could benefit from statin therapy to lower their risk of future heart attack...
Bard, Lutonix 014 DCB, drug-coated balloon, six-month endpoint, FDA IDE trial
Technology | Drug-Eluting Balloons| September 26, 2016
C. R. Bard Inc. announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE...
smartphones, hospital tranfers, heart attack patients, JACC study, South Korea
News | Mobile Devices| September 23, 2016
Smartphone communication among medical teams at different hospitals can significantly reduce the time it takes for...
Robert M. Califf, FDA commissioner, future of cardiovascular medicine, JACC column
News | Business| September 23, 2016
Technology advances coupled with increased use of social media and personal devices could offer new possibilities for...
Medtronic, In.Pact Admiral drug-coated balloon, trial data, VIVA
News | Drug-Eluting Balloons| September 22, 2016
New data presented at the Vascular Interventional Advances (VIVA) conference demonstrated the durability, consistency...
4Tech, TriCinch TTVR, transcather tricuspid valve repair device, first implant
News | Heart Valve Technology| September 22, 2016
4Tech Inc. announced that its TriCinch device has been used in the world’s first-ever successful transcatheter...
Transesophageal Echo, TEE. Interventional echocardiography, interventional echo, Philips, CX50

Transesophageal echo (TEE) has become an essential part of the new transcatheter structrual heart therapies, giving rise to a new sub-speciality of interventional echocardiography.  

Feature | Cath Lab Navigation Aids| September 21, 2016 | Dave Fornell
The rapid growth of transcatheter structural heart procedures and the need for increased use of echocardiography as a
Sponsored Content | Videos | Inventory Management| September 21, 2016
With bundled payments putting increased pressure on hospitals to manage supply costs while providing quality patient
Overlay Init