Feature | March 21, 2013

ACC/HRS Release Appropriate Use Criteria for ICDs, CRT

Document examines potential clinical scenarios to support physician decision-making

ACC HRS Appropriate Use Criteria ICDs CRTs

March 21, 2013 — The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and Heart Rhythm Society (HRS), along with key specialty societies, released appropriate use criteria for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices. The document provides assessed levels of appropriateness for implanting the devices in 369 real-life clinical scenarios, with the goal of enhancing physician and patient decision-making and improving care and health outcomes.

ICDs monitor the heart’s rhythms and correct arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeats) by providing electrical pulses to the heart. By immediately responding to any abnormal rhythm, ICDs help prevent sudden cardiac death. CRT uses an implantable device to synchronize the beating of the heart’s left and right ventricles. This improves the heart’s efficiency and reduces its stress. While both ICDs and CRT have expanded treatment options for cardiac patients, the ACC and HRS examined their use as part of an ongoing effort to critically and systematically review the diagnostic tests and procedures involved in cardiovascular care.

The criteria focus on scenarios that were derived from physician experience, clinical practice guidelines and results of studies examining device implantation. The scenarios identify “real-life” clinical situations encountered in daily practice. These clinical presentations include patients that may not be specifically covered by clinical guidelines, which the organizations hope will provide valuable assistance for decision-making by physicians and patients.

“The goal of this document is to help inform medical decisions and assist clinicians and stakeholders in understanding areas of both consensus and uncertainty, while identifying areas where there are gaps in knowledge that warrant further research,” noted Andrea M. Russo, writing committee co-chair and director of electrophysiology and arrhythmia services at Cooper University Hospital.

The scenarios cover six areas: ICDs for secondary prevention, ICDs for primary prevention, co-morbidities, CRT devices, generator replacement, and dual- versus single-chamber ICDs.

A 10-member writing committee drafted the scenarios, while a separate technical panel rated each on a numerical scale as “Appropriate” (median 7 to 9), “May Be Appropriate” (median 4 to 6), or “Rarely Appropriate” (median 1 to 3). Of the 369 scenarios, 45 percent were deemed Appropriate, 33 percent were rated May Be Appropriate, and 22 percent were determined Rarely Appropriate.

The writing committee stated that the appropriate use criteria can help inform the decision-making process but should not be used as a substitute for careful clinical judgment and clinical practice experience, nor current coverage and reimbursement policies.

“The decision to implant an ICD or CRT device is often complex, based on clinical evidence and clinical judgment, while taking into account co-morbidities and other individual patient factors,” said Russo. “While this document was designed to help inform clinical decision-making, it does not establish ‘rules’ by which decisions should be made in clinical practice. Healthcare providers and other stakeholders should continue to acknowledge the pivotal role of clinical judgment in determining whether device implantation is indicated for an individual patient.”

Russo added that the appropriate use criteria “can also be used to create algorithms or educational tools that help identify resource utilization or variations in care.” These tools can be used at the point of care — such as hospitals or physician offices — where utilization decisions are made. Data generated from these tools or collected in registries can be used to identify the patient mix for these procedures for individual institutions. This information can then be used for benchmarking over time and for comparison to other organizations.

The work of the writing committee and technical panel was supported exclusively by the ACC, the HRS and the other partnering societies without commercial support. All members were required to disclose industry relationships, which were reviewed by the Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force.

The "ACCF/HRS/AGS/AHA/ASE/HFSA/SCAI/SCCT/SCMR 2013 Appropriate Use Criteria for Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators and Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy" is published on the websites of both the ACC and the HRS and will be published in the March 26, 2013 print issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

For more information: www.cardiosource.org/acc, www.hrsonline.org

Related Content

Mercy, HIMSS 2017, Enterprise Davies Award, health information technology
News | Information Technology| February 21, 2017
Mercy, the fifth largest Catholic healthcare system in the nation, was named a 2016 Healthcare Information and...
Medtronic, expanded indication, Freezor Xtra Cryoablation Catheter, AVNRT, atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia
Technology | Ablation Systems| February 16, 2017
Medtronic plc announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved its Freezor Xtra Cryoablation Catheter...
Biotronik, ProMRI Configurator tool, MR-conditional cardiac devices, ProMRI SystemCheck
Technology | Implantable Cardiac Monitor (ICM)| February 14, 2017
Biotronik has developed an online tool that streamlines the workflow for physicians selecting the right magnetic...
News | Hypertension| February 13, 2017
Vascular Dynamics Inc. (VDI) announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the company’s...
 Intra-atrial shunt device (IASD) to lower left atrial pressure by creating a small left atrial to right atrial shunt.  Abraham said these devices are in early stage development with small studies to show proof of concept and demonstrate safety.

The Corvia Intra-atrial shunt device (IASD) lowers left atrial pressure by creating a small left atrial to right atrial shunt. Preliminary clinical studies have shown promise for these types of devices to improve HFpEF patient outcomes.

Feature | Heart Failure| February 10, 2017 | Dave Fornell
In the past few years there have been a number of device therapies developed to treat heart failure (HF).
Xarelto, rivaroxaban, COMPASS study, ends early,
News | Antiplatelet and Anticoagulation Therapies| February 09, 2017
February 9, 2017 — Janssen Research & Development LLC (Janssen) announced that the Phase 3 COMPASS trial is stopp
CAMC, Charleston Area Medical Center, congestive heart failure readmissions, SmarTigr patient engagement system, TeleHealth Services
News | Patient Engagement| February 09, 2017
Charleston Area Medical Center (CAMC) has documented reduced readmissions for congestive heart failure (CHF), chronic...
UTSW, new cancer drug, heart failure, tissue repair
News | Heart Failure| February 07, 2017
A new anticancer agent in development promotes regeneration of damaged heart muscle — an unexpected research finding...
Penn Medicine, heart failure causes, YAP and TAZ proteins, Journal of Clinical Investigation study
News | Heart Failure| February 07, 2017
February 7, 2017 — Of the more than 700,000 Americans who suffer a heart attack each year, about a quarter go on to d
Sponsored Content | Videos | Heart Failure| February 06, 2017
This video demonstrates how to implant the Revivent TC System to reduce the volume of the left ventricle (LV) in hear
Overlay Init