News | April 07, 2011

Study Shows Drug Lowers LDL in Hypercholesterolemia Patients

April 7, 2011 – Data from two phase 3 trials studying a drug for high-cholesterol patients who are on lipid-lowering therapy were presented at American College of Cardiology’s (ACC) 60th Annual Scientific Session. The studies investigated mipomersen, from Genzyme, a subsidiary of sanofi-aventis, and Isis Pharmaceuticals.

In the study in patients with severe heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (heFH),
mipomersen reduced LDL-C, the primary endpoint, by 36 percent compared with a 13 percent increase for placebo (p

"We are excited about the potential of mipomersen to help these patients, who are in great need of new treatment options,” said Paula Soteropoulos, vice president and general manager of Genzyme’s cardiovascular business. "We are committed to advancing our mipomersen development and commercialization plan to bring this uniquely targeted treatment to these patients, who are left behind by current treatments."

Mipomersen is a first-in-class apo-B synthesis inhibitor currently in late-stage development. It is intended to reduce LDL-C by preventing the formation of atherogenic lipids. It acts by decreasing the production of apo-B, which provides the structural core for all atherogenic lipids, including LDL- C, which carry cholesterol through the bloodstream.

This double-blind, placebo-controlled trial included 58 patients with severe heFH, who were already taking maximally tolerated lipid-lowering medications. Severe heFH patients were defined as those who had LDL-C levels ? 300 mg/dL or those who had LDL-C levels ? 200 mg/dL with coronary heart disease (CHD) or other forms of clinical atherosclerotic disease. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive a self-administered 200 mg subcutaneous injection of mipomersen or placebo weekly for 26 weeks. This study was conducted at 26 sites in North America, Europe and South Africa.

Patients treated with mipomersen had an average LDL-C at baseline of 276 mg/dL. At the end of the trial, these patients had an average LDL-C level of 175 mg/dL, representing an average LDL-C reduction of 101 mg/dL (36 percent). The reductions observed in the study were in addition to those achieved with the patients’ existing maximally tolerated lipid-lowering regimens.

Patients treated with mipomersen also experienced reductions in other atherogenic lipids, including: a 36 percent reduction in apolipoprotein B (apo-B) compared with an 11 percent increase for placebo; a 33 percent reduction in lipoprotein a (Lp(a)) compared with a 1 percent reduction for placebo; a 34 percent reduction in non-HDL-cholesterol compared with a 14 percent increase for placebo; and a 28 percent reduction in total cholesterol compared with an 11 percent increase for placebo (all p

Of the 39 patients treated with mipomersen, 27 completed treatment; of the 19 patients treated with placebo, 18 completed treatment. Eight of the discontinuations in the mipomersen group were reported as being related to adverse events, the nature of which was generally similar to previous studies. The placebo discontinuation was reported as being related to an adverse event. The most common adverse events were injection site reactions (90 percent mipomersen; 32 percent placebo) and flu-like symptoms (46 percent mipomersen; 21 percent placebo.). There was one death in the study due to acute coronary syndrome in a patient treated with mipomersen.

“There remains a significant unmet medical need for new lipid-lowering therapies for patients such as those included in this study,” said Mary McGowan, M.D., of the Concord Hospital Cholesterol Treatment Center, Concord, N.H. “These are patients who are on maximally tolerated doses of currently available treatments, and still very far from appropriate target goals, leaving them at high risk of cardiovascular events. These patients have a need for additional lipid lowering, which mipomersen could potentially provide.”

Results of a phase 3 study of mipomersen in patients with high cholesterol at high risk for CHD were also presented in a poster at ACC. In this study, mipomersen reduced LDL-C, the primary endpoint, by 37 percent compared with a 5 percent reduction for placebo (p

This double-blind, placebo-controlled trial included 158 patients with hypercholesterolemia (LDL-C ? 100 mg/dL) and at high risk of developing CHD who were taking a maximally tolerated dose of a statin. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive a self-administered 200 mg subcutaneous injection of mipomersen or placebo weekly for 26 weeks.

Patients treated with mipomersen had an average LDL-C at baseline of 123 mg/dL. At the end of the study, these patients had an average LDL-C level of 75 mg/dL, representing an average LDL-C reduction of 48 mg/dL (37 percent). Half of the mipomersen-treated patients achieved LDL-C levels of less than 70 mg/dL, a recognized treatment goal for high-risk patients. The reductions observed in the study were in addition to those achieved with the patients’ existing maximally tolerated statin regimens. Patients treated with mipomersen also experienced statistically significant reductions in apo-B, Lp(a), non-HDL-cholesterol and total cholesterol. Study results are based on an intent-to-treat analysis (full analysis set).

Of the 105 patients treated with mipomersen, 60 completed treatment; of the 53 patients treated with placebo, 44 completed treatment. Twenty-six of the discontinuations in the mipomersen group were reported as being related to adverse events, the nature of which was generally similar to previous studies. Two of the discontinuations in the placebo group were reported as being related to adverse events. The most common adverse events were injection site reactions and flu-like symptoms. There was one death during the on-treatment study period due to acute myocardial infarction in a patient treated with placebo. During the post-treatment follow-up period, one patient died due to liver failure, acetaminophen toxicity, pneumonia and myocardial infarction 149 days after receiving the last dose of mipomersen treatment.

For more information: www.isispharm.com

Related Content

Biotronik Studies Demonstrate Efficacy of Minimizing Metal Burden in SFA Therapy
News | Stents Bare Metal| September 22, 2017
Physicians demonstrated that reducing metal burden in superficial femoral artery (SFA) therapy could effectively reduce...
Edwards Inspiris Resilia Valve Receives FDA Approval
News | Heart Valve Technology| September 21, 2017
Edwards Lifesciences Corp. recently received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for its Inspiris Resilia...
MyoKardia Presents Additional Positive Data From Phase 2 PIONEER-HCM Study at HFSA 2017
News | Heart Failure| September 21, 2017
MyoKardia Inc. announced that additional positive data from the first patient cohort of its Phase 2 PIONEER-HCM study...
DISRUPT BTK Study Shows Positive Results With Lithoplasty in Calcified Lesions Below the Knee
News | Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)| September 20, 2017
Shockwave Medical reported positive results from the DISRUPT BTK Study, which were presented at the annual...
Heart Failure Market to Surpass $16 Billion by 2026
News | Heart Failure| September 19, 2017
The heart failure space across the seven key markets of the U.S., France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the U.K. and Japan is...
Corindus Announces First Patient Enrolled in PRECISION GRX Registry
News | Robotic Systems| September 18, 2017
September 18, 2017 — Corindus Vascular Robotics Inc.
Two-Year ILLUMENATE Trial Data Demonstrate Efficacy of Stellarex Drug-Coated Balloon
News | Drug-Eluting Balloons| September 18, 2017
Philips announced the two-year results from the ILLUMENATE European randomized clinical trial (EU RCT) demonstrating...
Sentinel Cerebral Protection System Significantly Reduces Stroke and Mortality in TAVR
News | Embolic Protection Devices| September 18, 2017
September 18, 2017 – Claret Medical announced publication of a new study in the...
Marijuana Associated With Three-Fold Risk of Death From Hypertension
News | Hypertension| September 14, 2017
Marijuana use is associated with a three-fold risk of death from hypertension, according to research published recently...
Peter Schneider, M.D. presents late breaking clinical trial results at VIVA 17 in Las Vegas. Panelists (l to r) Krishna Rocha-Singh, M.D., Sean Lyden, M.D., John Kaufman, M.D., Donna Buckley, M.D.

Peter Schneider, M.D. presents late breaking clinical trial results at VIVA 17 in Las Vegas. Panelists (l to r) Krishna Rocha-Singh, M.D., Sean Lyden, M.D., John Kaufman, M.D., Donna Buckley, M.D.

Feature | Cath Lab| September 14, 2017
September 14, 2017 — Here are quick summaries for all the key late-breaking vascular and endovascular clinical trials
Overlay Init