June 6, 2018 — Here is a checklist of dose-sparing practices for angiographic X-ray imaging used in the cath lab. This list was included in a new 2018 consensus document to guide the optimal use of ionizing radiation in cardiovascular imaging.
The consensus document was issued in May 2018 jointly by the American College of Cardiology (ACC), Heart Rhythm Society (HRS), North American Society for Cardiovascular Imaging (NASCI), Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI), Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) and the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT). It includes input from experts from a total of nine cardiology societies and includes best practices for safety and effectiveness when using computed tomography (CT), nuclear imaging and angiographic/fluoroscopic imaging. The document also includes a section on what is needed for radiation dose recording and monitoring for both patients and staff.
One section includes a the following checklist to help lower dose in X-ray fluoroscopy angiography:
• Consider patient age, comorbidities, natural life expectancy
• Consider appropriateness and utility of nonradiation-based imaging techniques
• Use fluoroscopic and cine doses as low as compatible with diagnostic image quality
• Minimize beam-on time
• Use lowest-dose fluoroscopy setting suitable for a particular task
• Collimate imaging field size to the area of interest
• Use the slowest framing rates suitable for a particular task
• Minimize cine acquisition run durations
• Minimize patient-detector distance
• Maximize employment of operator shielding
Related Content on Cath Lab Radiation Safety:
1. John W. Hirshfeld Jr., Victor A. Ferrari, Frank M. Bengel, et al. 2018 ACC/HRS/NASCI/SCAI/SCCT Expert Consensus Document on Optimal Use of Ionizing Radiation in Cardiovascular Imaging: Best Practices for Safety and Effectiveness: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Task Force on Expert Consensus Decision Pathways. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. May 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.02.016.