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VIDEO: Lingering Myocardial Involvement After COVID-19 Infection

Coronavirus (COVID-19) | November 19, 2020

Aaron Baggish, M.D., director of the cardiovascular performance program, Massachusetts General Hospital. He was on a 2020 American Heart Association (AHA) meeting panel discussion on the topic of the lingering myocardial involvement after COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. He said there appears to be some long-term effects in the body from COVID, including the heart and vascular system, but it is unknown how long these effects may last. These patients are now being referred to as COVID "long-haulers."

The AHA late-breaking studies included four that pertained specifically to COVID-19. Three of these pertained specifically to the AHA COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry. It has been collecting data on patients with cardiac co-morbiditities or cardiac involvement since April to provide insights into these patients hospitalized with the novel coronavirus. One study was a review of the registry, a second looked at the racial and ethnic disparities in severe COVID patients. The third looked at the association of body mass index and death, mechanical ventilation and cardiovascular outcomes.

Read more about these three studies in the article COVID-19 Cardiovascular Registry Details Disparities Among Hospitalized Patients.

The fourth study looked at the overall of cardiovascular risk factors in more than 14,000 COVID-19 patients. It showed in-hospital mortality ranged from 28.5 percent for patients with hypertension to 28.6 percent for those with diabetes, 25.5 percent for those with coronary artery disease, and 38.4 percent for those with heart failure.

Read more in the article COVID-19 Patients With Cardiovascular Disease Have In-hospital Mortality Rates of 25 to 38 Percent. 

Find more AHA news, video, and late-breakers

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Coronavirus (COVID-19) | November 18, 2020

Aaron Baggish, M.D., director of the cardiovascular performance program, Massachusetts General Hospital. He was on a 2020 American Heart Association (AHA) meeting panel discussion on the topic of the lingering myocardial involvement after COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. He said there appears to be some long-term effects in the body from COVID, including the heart and vascular system, but it is unknown how long these effects may last. These patients are now being referred to as COVID "long-haulers."

The AHA late-breaking studies included four that pertained specifically to COVID-19. Three of these pertained specifically to the AHA COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry. It has been collecting data on patients with cardiac co-morbiditities or cardiac involvement since April to provide insights into these patients hospitalized with the novel coronavirus. One study was a review of the registry, a second looked at the racial and ethnic disparities in severe COVID patients. The third looked at the association of body mass index and death, mechanical ventilation and cardiovascular outcomes.

Read more about these three studies in the article COVID-19 Cardiovascular Registry Details Disparities Among Hospitalized Patients.

The fourth study looked at the overall of cardiovascular risk factors in more than 14,000 COVID-19 patients. It showed in-hospital mortality ranged from 28.5 percent for patients with hypertension to 28.6 percent for those with diabetes, 25.5 percent for those with coronary artery disease, and 38.4 percent for those with heart failure.

Read more in the article COVID-19 Patients With Cardiovascular Disease Have In-hospital Mortality Rates of 25 to 38 Percent. 

Find more AHA news, video, and late-breakers

Find more cardiology related COVID-19 news

 

 

 

Atrial Fibrillation | November 18, 2020

Steven Lubitz, M.D., MPH, cardiac electrophysiologist, Massachusetts General Hospital, presented the late-breaking VITAL-AF Trial at the 2020 American Heart Association (AHA) virtual meeting this week. The study looked at screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) in older adults at primary care visits using the AliveCor single-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) device that interfaces with a smartphone or iPad.

The study found screening for AF using a single-lead ECG at primary care visits was not associated with a significant increase in new AF diagnoses among individuals aged 65 years or older compared to usual care. However, screening may be associated with an increased likelihood of diagnosing AF among individuals aged 85 years or older. 

Undiagnosed AFib is associated with increased risk of stroke. There is uncertainty about how best to screen for AF and guidelines differ regarding screening using ECGs. Methods: We conducted a cluster-randomized trial to evaluate whether screening using single-lead ECGs at primary care visits is effective for diagnosing AF. 

Sixteen clinics were randomized 1:1 to an AF screening intervention which offered an AliveCor single-lead ECG to patients aged 65 years or older during routine vital sign assessments, or usual care. AliveCor readings were over-read by cardiologists. Confirmatory diagnostic testing and treatment decisions were made by the primary care provider. 

New AF diagnoses were ascertained based on electronic case identification and manually adjudicated by a clinical endpoint committee. Results: 35,308 patients were included in the trial (n=17,643 intervention [91% screened], n=17,655 control). Patient characteristics were well-balanced between the intervention and control groups, including 12.7% versus 13.2% with prevalent AF, respectively. At one year, 1.52% of individuals in the screening group had new AF diagnosed versus 1.39% in the control group (relative risk [RR] 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92-1.30; P=0.30). New AF diagnoses in the screening and control groups varied by age (0.95% versus 1.00% for age 65-74; P=0.74; 1.84% versus 1.70% for age 75-84; P=0.58; 4.05% versus 2.68% for age 85+; P=0.02) (see figure). New anticoagulation was prescribed in 2.98% versus 2.90% of individuals in the screening and control groups, respectively, overall (RR 1.03; 95%CI 0.91-1.18; P=0.61), and in 72.8% versus 71% with new AF diagnoses (RR 1.02; 95%CI 0.92-1.14; P=0.70).

Find more AHA news, video and late-breakers

Coronavirus (COVID-19) | November 12, 2020

Eric Gantwerker, M.D., vice president and medical director at clinical video game simulator company Level Ex, and associate professor, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery at Loyola University, explains a smartphone video game simulator to help clinicians become more proficient in diagnosing and managing COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) patients. Level Ex has created video game modules for interventional cardiology and is expanding this to cardiovascular complications in COVID patients, based on real patient case studies.

The app offers several patient cases where the player can decide what questions to ask the patient or tests to perform, but the player is limited in the number of actions they can take. The app offers several potential reasons for the patient's presentation that may, or may not, be COVID and the player needs to take clinical actions to eliminate other disease possibilities from the list. Management of COVID cases with cardiac complications are also offered to test a clinician's ability to keep the patient stable and enable discharge.

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Coronavirus (COVID-19) | November 10, 2020

Keith Ellis, M.D., is the director of cardiovascular services and the director of the Chest Pain Center at Houston Methodist Sugar Land Hospital, and has been the director of nuclear cardiology for Diagnostic Cardiology of Houston. He explains how his department has implemented protocols and new technology to mitigate COVID-19 contamination risks and to prevent readmissions. New technologies include the use of telemedicine, CT angiography, and a contrast reduction system in the cath lab to prevent kidney injury that would result in a patient readmission. The hospital also is using techniques to help cut procedure times, including use of radial access in the cath lab and abbreviated nuclear scan protocols to shorten exam times.

He said there can be a lot of cardiovascular involvement in severe COVID patients, ranging from development of myocarditis, STEMI with and without clots, arrhythmias, venous thromboembolism (VTE), and the need for hemodynamic support, including ECMO. He said the most surprising management issue with the COVID patients has been the large amount of VTE, often resulting in deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (PE). Ellis said this often requires interventional strategies, including the use of Ekos ultrasonic catheter based thrombolysis to break up the clots.

 

Related Cardiac COVID-19 Content:

COVID-19 Positive STEMI Patients Have Higher Mortality 

VIDEO: ECMO Hemodynamic Support Effective in Sickest COVID-19 Patients — Interview with Ryan Barbaro, M.D.

The Cardiovascular Impact of COVID-19

VIDEO: Multiple Cardiovascular Presentations of COVID-19 in New York — Interview with Justin Fried, M.D., explaining a case that used VV-ECMO abnd VAV-ECMO

 

VIDEO: Impact of COVID-19 on the Interventional Cardiology Program at Henry Ford Hospital — Interview with William O'Neill, M.D.

Kawasaki-like Inflammatory Disease Affects Children With COVID-19 

VIDEO: Best Practices for Nuclear Cardiology During the COVID-19 Pandemic — Interview with Hicham Skali, M.D.

VIDEO: Cancelling Non-essential Cardiac Procedures During the COVID-19 Outbreak — Interview with Ehtisham Mahmud, M.D. 

 

VIDEO: 9 Cardiologists Share COVID-19 Takeaways From Across the U.S.  

VIDEO: Telemedicine in Cardiology and Medical Imaging During COVID-19 — Interview with Regina Druz, M.D.

VIDEO: COVID-19 Precautions for Cardiac Imaging — Interview with Stephen Bloom, M.D.,

Find more cardiology related COVID-19 content

 

Hemodynamic Support Devices | October 20, 2020

Chuck Simonton, M.D., chief medical officer at Abiomed, discusses some of the new technologies and clinical trials the company is working on and highlighted hemodynamic presentations at the 2020 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Connect virtual meeting.

In this interview Simonton discusses:
   • The new Impella 5.5 device
   • The new Impella ECP expandable pump that collapses to a very small diameter to aid vascular access is about to start first-in-human trials.
   • Smart Assist technology that will incorporated artificial intelligence (AI) to better monitor Impella patients.
   • The Door to Unloading (DTU) Trial that is using Impella first in STEMI patients prior to PCI to prevent reperfusion injury
   •The PROTECT III and IV trials. 

Prior Abiomed, Simonton was the CMO at Abbott Vascular, and was a practicing interventional cardiologist for nearly 30 years at Duke University Medical Center and then at the Sanger Clinic. At Sanger he created his own research team to study patient outcomes following the use of new cardiac technologies. He also founded the Carolinas Cardiovascular Research Foundation at the Carolinas Heart Institute, now part of Atrium Health.
 

Find more TCT news, video and the late-breaking studies

Coronavirus (COVID-19) | October 20, 2020

Chuck Simonton, M.D., chief medical officer at Abiomed, explains when advanced hemodynamic support in required in COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) patients. Abiomed received two FDA emergency use authorizations in 2020 to use Impella is certain clinical circumstances, including a provision to use the Impella RP for right heart failure in COVID patients and for the Impella CP to be used in tandem with ECMO to help support critially ill COVID patients.

Find more cardiology related COVID news 

 

Cath Lab | October 19, 2020

Dean Kereiakes, M.D., medical director, The Christ Hospital Heart and Vascular Center, medical director, The Christ Hospital Research Institute, and professor of clinical medicine at The Ohio State University, explains the late-breaking Disrupt CAD III study at the 2020 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Connect virtual meeting. 

The trial will likely pave the way for U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) clearance for intravascular lithotripsy to be used in the coronary arteries. He offers details on the data and and use of this technology in the cath lab compared to the current techniques of atherectomy, cutting balloons and high pressure balloons that can cause vessel trauma, leading to poorer outcomes. 

The lithotripsy technology breaks up calcium in the vessel walls without trauma, using a compliant balloon and relying on sonic waves to bust the calcium rather than brute force. He said this could be a paradigm shift in how calcified lesions are treated.

Read more on this trial and the technology in the article Shockwave Technology to Sonically Bust Calcified Coronary Lesions Shows Safety and Efficacy in U.S. Pivotal IDE Trial.

Find additional TCT 2020 news, video and late-breaking studies

 

Antiplatelet and Anticoagulation Therapies | October 19, 2020

The COMPARE CRUSH Trial looked at the effect of pre-hospital crushed prasugrel tablets in patients with STEMI planned for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).[1] This video is of the press conference presentation of this late-breaking study by doctor George Vlachojannis, from UMC Utrecht, at the 2020 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Connect virtual meeting. 

The idea was to crush the tablets to enable faster antiplatelet inhibition, but the findings of this study showed it did not improve TIMI 3 flow on first angiography or ST-segment resolution at 1 hour post PCI.

Find additional TCT 2020 news, video and late-breaking studies

 

Reference:

1. Vlachojannis GJ, Vogel RF, Wilschut JM, Lemmert ME, Delewi R, Diletti R, van Vliet R, van der Waarden N, Nuis RJ, Paradies V, Alexopoulos D, Zijlstra F, Montalescot G, Angiolillo DJ, Krucoff MW, Van Mieghem NM, Smits PC. COMPARison of pre-hospital CRUSHed vs. uncrushed Prasugrel tablets in patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary interventions: Rationale and design of the COMPARE CRUSH trial. Am Heart J. 2020 Jun;224:10-16. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2020.03.005. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

 

Stents Drug Eluting | October 19, 2020

Dean Kereiakes, M.D., medical director, The Christ Hospital Heart and Vascular Center, medical director, The Christ Hospital Research Institute, and professor of clinical medicine at The Ohio State University, explains the late-breaking OPTIMIZE Trial at the 2020 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Connect virtual meeting. 

OPTIMIZE looked at the safety and efficacy of the novel Svelte drug eluting stent (DES). It is a thin strut cobalt chromium stent that uses a bioresorbable amino acid-based drug carrier to elute sirolimus. It also was designed specifically for transradial access and direct stenting with a very low crossing profile. 

The trial showed the device did not meet non inferiority for existing DES by a small margin, but there were questions raised about the criteria used in the design of the trial being flawed, rather than the device itself. Kereiakes explains these issues in the video. 

Find additional TCT 2020 news, video and late-breaking studies

 

 

 

Heart Valve Technology | October 19, 2020

David Cohen, M.D., presents late-breaking data from the STS/ACC Transcatheter Valve Registry (TVT) showing the impact of using cerebral embolic protection devices during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). This is the press conference presentation followed by an expert panel discussion at the 2020 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Connect virtual meeting.

The stroke rates were initially high in TAVR compared to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), but these rates have decreased in recent years as operators become more proficient during the procedures and the stroke rates are now comparable or lower than SAVR.

Cerebral embolic protection devices were developed to prevent emboli knocked off the aortic walls and from the aortic valve from traveling to the brain. However, this review of embolic protection device performance and use showed 66 percent of the 700 sites in the TVT Registry report not using these devices.

The rate of in-hospital stroke in the embolic protection group of patients was 1.39 percent. The rate of stroke in patients without embolic protection was 1.54 percent. There was no difference inn the rates of death, stroke, major bleeding or device success between these two groups, Cohen said.

The study also included a propensity-weighted analysis where the embolic group has a stroke rate of 1.3 percent and the no protection device group at 1.58 percent. 

Cohen said there was not a significant reduction in in-hospital or 30-day stroke rates. While there its a slight signal toward fewer strokes with embolic protection, he said the findings show clinical equipoise and provide strong rational for ongoing, large-scale randomized, controlled trials to see if embolic protection devices offer meaningful clinical benefit.

Find additional TCT 2020 news, video and late-breaking studies

 

Related TAVR Content:

VIDEO: Tracking Transcatheter Valve Outcomes in the STS-ACC TVT Registry — Interview with John Carroll, M.D.

Key TAVR Takeaways From ACC 2020

U.S. TAVR Outcomes Need Improvement Based on TVT Registry Analysis

FDA Approves TAVR for Low-risk Patients Creates A Paradigm Shift in Cardiology

 

Antiplatelet and Anticoagulation Therapies | October 19, 2020

Roxana Mehran, M.D., and Marco Valgimiggle, M.D., present the results of the Xience 90/28 trials that evaluated the use of shortened 3-month and 1-month dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in high-risk bleeding patients. This is the press conference at the 2020 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Connect virtual meeting. It is followed by an expert panel discussion on the merits and meaning of the results.

The use of short duration DAPT has been a big topic of discussion at TCT the past few years. The first FDA cleared indication for shortened DAPT was was granted in late September 2020 for the Medtronic Endeavor stent. The data from these two trials will likely lead the Xience to a similar FDA indication expansion. 

Find additional TCT 2020 news, video and late-breaking studies

 

 

Heart Valve Technology | October 19, 2020

Doctor Hans-Josef Feistritzerm, Heart Center of Leipzig, Germany, presents data on the use of general vs. local anesthesia in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) from the late-breaking SOLVE-TAVI one-year outcomes trial. This is the press conference at the 2020 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Connect virtual meeting. It is followed by an expert panel discussion on the merits and meaning of the results.

The results showed both approaches are safe to use and the outcomes are good.

The trial randomized patients to either self-expandable or balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) valves and the procedures used either general or local anesthesia. TAVR centers have been moving toward the procedure becoming a same day surgery to reduce overnight admissions and send them home as an out patient procedure. This can be accomplished using a local anesthesia if transesophageal echo (TEE) is not needed. However, many still use TEE or there are other factors that make this approach more appealing. Local anesthesia generally has a faster recovery time and reduces  potential complications in sicker and older patients.

Find additional TCT 2020 news, video and late-breaking studies

 

Related TAVR Content:

VIDEO: Tracking Transcatheter Valve Outcomes in the STS-ACC TVT Registry — Interview with John Carroll, M.D.

Key TAVR Takeaways From ACC 2020

U.S. TAVR Outcomes Need Improvement Based on TVT Registry Analysis

FDA Approves TAVR for Low-risk Patients Creates A Paradigm Shift in Cardiology

 

Antiplatelet and Anticoagulation Therapies | October 17, 2020

Gregg Stone, M.D., presents the results of a pooled analysis of randomized trials of bivalirudin virus heparin in acute myocardial infarction patients in a press conference at the 2020 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Connect virtual meeting.

The study looked at periprocedural anticoagulation during percutaneous corona intervention in AMI patients. There has been conflicting results reported between several trials looking at which drug is best for anticoagulation during cath procedures.

This study pooled data from 8 studies that included more than 27,000 patients. The data included both STEMI and NSTEMI patients.

The pool analysis found STEMI patients, bivalirudin was associated with reductions mortality, serious bleeding and NACE events, despite higher rates of myocardial infarction  (MI) and stent thrombosis compared with heparin. The mortality benefit of bivalirudin was pronounced in patients with a post-PCI bivalirudin infusion to mitigate MI and stent thrombosis risks. 

In NSTEMI patients, bivalirudin was associated with a reduction in 30 day serious bleeding events, but similar rates of mortality, MI and stent thrombosis compared to heparin.

Find additional TCT 2020 news, video and late-breaking studies

Cath Lab | October 17, 2020

Gregg Stone, M.D., presents the results of the PROSPECT ABSORB Trial in a press conference at the 2020 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Connect virtual meeting. 

The PROSPECT ABSORB Trial was a randomized evaluation of vulnerable plaques using the Abbott Absorb fully bioresorbable stent. The hypothesis of the trial  was to treat lesions prior to plaque ruptured to avoid heart attacks, rather than treating them after plaque rupture when a potential infarct and permanent heart damage is caused. Patients were randomized to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using an Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) stents vs. guideline directed medical therapy (GDMT).

This is the first study that proactively identifies and preemptively treats vulnerable plaques. 

Lesion related MACE events 4 years showed medical therapy alone resulted in 10.7 percent events and the BVS treat patients were 4.3 percent. Stone said the favorable BVS MACE rates warrants a larger, adequately powered randomized trial to determine if PCI treatment of focal vulnerable plaques improves patient outcomes.

Find additional TCT 2020 news, video and late-breaking studies

 

Heart Failure | October 16, 2020

The late-breaking MitraBridge Study was presented at Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) 2020 meeting showed the transcatheter MitraClip mitral leaflet repair system can be used as bridge therapy to heart transplantation. About 25 percent of patients in this study were actually taken off the transplant list because they became asymptomatic.[1] 

This is the press conference for the study presented by Cosmo Godino, M.D., an interventional cardiologist from San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy. It is followed by a discussion by several well-known interventional cardiologists and structural heart experts.

The MitraBridge Study showed the transcatheter MitraClip mitral leaflet repair system can be used as bridge therapy for patients on the heart transplant list. It was used to reduce the amount of mitral regurgitation to help ease symptoms in advanced heart failure who need a need a heart transplant, but may have to wait long periods before a heart becomes available.  

The 119-patient study found it not only helped improve patient symptoms for the majority of patients, but 23.5 percent of patients in this study improved so much they were actually taken off the transplant. 

There is a large and growing imbalance between the demand and supply of donor hearts, Godino explained. With the expansion of waiting lists and prolonged waitings times are generally more than a year and it becomes difficult to manage these patients, resulting in a one-year mortality rate of 15 percent. 

Patients selected for MitraClip had advanced/end stage heart failure and concomitant, severe mitral regurgitation with a median left ventricular ejection fraction of 26%. These patients make up between 1 to 10% of the overall heart failure population, Godino said.

There was an 87.5% procedural success rate and no deaths at 30-day. Two thirds of patients remained free of development of composite adverse events at one-year. Of those that improved, 15.5% become eligible for a heart transplant. nearly a quarter could be removed from the list for HTx due to clinical improvement
 

Find additional TCT 2020 news, video and late-breaking studies

 

Reference:

1. Cosmo Godino, Andrea Munafò, Andrea Scotti, et al. MitraClip in secondary mitral regurgitation as a bridge to heart transplantation: 1-year outcomes from the International MitraBridge Registry. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. Published September 16, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2020.09.005.

 

Cath Lab | October 16, 2020

This is an example pf the Shockwave Medical Intravascular Lithotripsy (IVL) catheter system designed to break up heavily calcified plaque in coronary and periperal vessels. The system uses sonic waves that penetrate the vessel wall and crack the calcium without causing vessel trauma, which commonly occures with atherectomy and high pressure balloon angioplasty.  

This demonstration was on the exhibit floor of the 2019 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) annual meeting. The material used in the demonstration are gypsym beads.

 

Related Content on Intervascular Lithotripsy:

Shockwave Technology to Sonically Bust Calcified Coronary Lesions Shows Safety and Efficacy in U.S. Pivotal IDE Trial

FDA Grants Shockwave Medical Breakthrough Status for Coronary Intravascular Lithotripsy

Intravascular Lithotripsy: Will This New Investigational Technology Crack Calcium’s Code in the U.S.? — by Dean Kereiakes, M.D.

Intravascular Lithotripsy May Offer Solution for Calcified Coronary Lesions — By Azeem Latib, M.D.

VIDEO: Breaking Up Calcified Lesions Without Vessel Trauma — Interview with Todd Brinton, M.D.

Shockwave Launches Coronary Intravascular Lithotripsy in Europe

Lithotripsy Safe and Effective in Calcified Stenotic Peripheral Arteries

Shockwave Initiates U.S. Pivotal Study for Coronary Intravascular Lithotripsy

Radial Access | October 07, 2020

Jordan G. Safirstein, M.D., FACC, FSCAI, director of transradial catheterization for Atlantic Health System’s Morristown Medical Center, Morristown, N.J., explains the new radial access lounge at the Gagnon Cardiovascular Institute.

Transradial access lounges are specifically designed to meet the needs of cardiac catheterization patients who have had their procedure performed through a catheter inserted into their radial artery in the wrist, also known as transradial catheterization. This procedure, which has a shorter recovery period and less bleeding risk than traditional cardiac catheterizations done through the femoral (groin) artery, is now an option for many patients who are catheterized in order to conduct a diagnostic angiogram or have an angioplasty or stent procedure. 

Patients can walk around, use the washroom, get coffee and sit in lounge chairs for their recovery while being monitored via wireless telemetry. This is a stark contrast to the transfemoral artery access recovery, which requires six hours of bed rest and can be very uncomfortable for the patient.

“Nearly half of all cardiac catheterizations are now done transradially, and there is plenty of data to show it is very safe and can be done as an outpatient procedure” Safirstein explained. “We saw the need for a recovery area for these patients that was more comfortable.  These patients don’t need a traditional recovery room. Our goal is to safely send patients home on the same day of their procedure but while they spend time with us, it should be time spent relaxing, reading, receiving education about their procedure and prevention of future events. If they need new medications, we can provide that to them before they leave.”

Read more about the lounge in the article Atlantic Health Morristown Medical Center Opens Radial Lounge for Post-procedure Recovery.

 

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VIDEO: Tour of a Radial Access Recovery Lounge That Mimics Cafe Atmosphere — Interview with Jack P. Chen, M.D.

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Radial Access Recovery Lounge Mimics Cafe Atmosphere

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VIDEO: Radial Access Lounge Walk Through at Morristown Medical Center

Radial Access, Same-Day Cardiac Procedure Could Save $300 Million Annually

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Find more radial access news and video

 

Coronavirus (COVID-19) | October 06, 2020

Ryan Barbaro, M.D., clinical assistant professor, pediatric critical care medicine, University of Michigan, and chair of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry Committee, explains use of ECMO in COVID-19 patients. 

He was the lead author of recent study using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to support very ill COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) patients. These patients often could not get enough respiratory support from ventilators, or needed circulatory support as well when they went into heart or renal failure.

The study pooled 1,035 severe COVID patients 213 hospitals across 36 countries in the ELSO registry. There is a staggeringly high risk of death rate when ventilators and other care failed to support their lungs. But after they were placed on ECMO, the death rate was less than 40 percent. 

Read more about this study — ECMO Support Found Effective in Sickest of COVID-19 Patients

 

Related COVID-19 ECMO Support Content:

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The Cardiovascular Impact of COVID-19

VIDEO: Multiple Cardiovascular Presentations of COVID-19 in New York — Interview with Justin Fried, M.D., explaining a case that used VV-ECMO abnd VAV-ECMO

VIDEO: Impact of COVID-19 on the Interventional Cardiology Program at Henry Ford Hospital — Interview with William O'Neill, M.D.

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Find more cardiology related COVID-19 content

 

 

 

Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occluders | October 02, 2020

Horst Sievert, M.D., is the director of the Cardiovascular Center Frankfurt, and associate professor of internal medicine-cardiology at the University of Frankfurt. He discusses left atrial appendage (LAA) device advances and new developments for more effective LAA closure to reduce the stroke risk in atrial fibrillation (AFib or AF) patients and new developments for more effective LAA closure to reduce the stroke risk in atrial fibrillation (AFib or AF) patients.

He said there are current limitations using the Boston Scientific Watchman FLX and Abbott Amplatzer Amulet devices. One of the new concepts in transcatheter LAA occlusion technology from Append Medical is a suture delivery system that eliminate permanent metal implants and mimics a surgical suture closure without the need for an open chest procedure.

Sievert has more than 30 years experience in cardiology and has been the principal investigator in a number of clinical trials and has authored more than 130 manuscripts and 500 abstracts in peer-reviewed journals and 50 books and book contributions. He is also chairman of Scientific Advisory for Append Medical, developer of a novel LAA closure device.

Read more about the Append device — First-Of-Its-Kind, No-Implant LAA Occluder Noted for Innovation at 2019 ICI Meeting
 

Find more LAA occluder technology news

 

EP Lab | October 01, 2020

Peter Weiss M.D., MSc, director of ventricular arrhythmia management and robotics, and assistant clinical professor of medicine at the Heart Institute, Banner University of Arizona Medical Center, Phoenix, takes a video tour of Banner's new robotic electrophysiology (EP) lab. It is the site of the first U.S. install of the Stereotaxis Genesis robotic system. It is a smaller, more refined system from the earlier generation from a decade ago. Weiss performs a guided tour of the lab and its mapping technologies. 

 

Related EP Robotic Systems Content:

VIDEO: Advantages of Robotic Ablation in the EP Lab — Interview with Peter Weiss, M.D.

Time to Take Another Look at Robotics in Electrophysiology — Article by Peter Weiss, M.D.

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Find more news on robotic cath lab and EP lab systems

EP Lab | September 30, 2020

Peter Weiss M.D., MSc, director of ventricular arrhythmia management and robotics, and assistant clinical professor of medicine at the Heart Institute, Banner University of Arizona Medical Center, Phoenix, explains the advantages of using robotic navigation in the electrophysiology (EP) lab. He has used Stereotaxis robots for the past decade to reduce fluoro imaging and improve ablation outcomes. Banner just opened a new robotic EP lab with a Stereotaxis Genesis system, the first to be installed in the U.S. and only the second install in the world.

 

Related EP Robotic Systems Content:

VIDEO: Virtual Tour of the Robotic Electrophysiology Lab at Banner Health — Interview with Peter Weiss, M.D.

Time to Take Another Look at Robotics in Electrophysiology — Article by Peter Weiss, M.D.

Stereotaxis Announces Next-generation Robotic Magnetic Navigation and Imaging Systems

Stereotaxis and Acutus Medical Announce Strategic Collaboration
 

Find more news on robotic cath lab and EP lab systems

 

Coronavirus (COVID-19) | September 29, 2020

Deepika Thacker, M.D., a pediatric cardiologist with Nemours Children’s Health System, Wilmington, Del., helped discover one of the first cases of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) in the United States. She explains how they treated the first and subsequent pediatric patients with the COVID-19 related syndrome. Read more about the first case of MIS-C Nemours treated in the article Case Study Describes One of the First U.S. Cases of MIS-C.

The dangerous Kawasaki Disease-like syndrome occurs in a small number of children exposed to the COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) virus. MIS-C is an autoimmune reaction where the COVID appears asymptomatic, but the immune system overeacts to the virus and begins attacking health tissues in the body. It causes severe causes inflammation of the heart, lungs and other vital organs.

 

CDC Reports 800 U.S. Children Diagnosed With MIC-C

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported as of Sept. 10, 2020, there have been 792 confirmed cases in the United States of the rare MIS-C condition in children that is linked to COVID-19.

The agency also reported there have been 16 deaths reported from the MIS-C cases reported in 42 states, New York City and Washington, D.C., as of Sept. 3. Nearly all cases of MIS-C occurred in children who tested positive for the new coronavirus, while the remainder were in children who were around a person with COVID-19.

The CDC report also gave the following statistics:

   • Most cases are in children between the ages of 1 and 14 years, with an average age of 8 years.
   • Cases have occurred in children from <1 year old to 20 years old.
   • More than 70% of reported cases have occurred in children who are Hispanic/Latino (276 cases) or non-Hispanic Black (230 cases).
   • 99% of cases (783) tested positive for SARS CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The remaining 1% were around someone with COVID-19.
   • Most children developed MIS-C 2-4 weeks after infection with SARS-CoV-2.
   • Slightly more than half (54%) of reported cases were male.
 

Find additional CDC statistics on U.S. MIS-C cases

 

Related Content on MIS-C:

Kawasaki-like Inflammatory Disease Affects Children With COVID-19

Case Study Describes One of the First U.S. Cases of MIS-C

NIH-funded Project Wants to Identify Children at Risk for MIS-C From COVID-19

New Study Looks at Post-COVID-19 Emerging Disease in Children

Cardiac MRI Aids Evaluation of Children With Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C) Associated With COVID-19

The Cardiovascular Impact of COVID-19

VIDEO: Example of a Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) Pediatric Echocardiogram

NIH-funded Project Wants to Identify Children at Risk for MIS-C From COVID-19

Artificial Intelligence | September 25, 2020

Ernest Garcia, Ph.D., MASNC, FAHA, endowed professor in cardiac imaging, director of nuclear cardiology R&D laboratory, Emory University, developer of the Emory Cardiac Tool Box used in nuclear imaging and past-president of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology (ASNC), explains the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in cardiac imaging. He said there is a tsunami of new AI applications that are starting to flood the FDA for market approval, and there are several examples of AI already in use in cardiac imaging. He spoke on this topic in a keynote session at the 2020 ASNC meeting.

Related Artificial Intelligence in Cardiology Content:

VIDEO: Machine Learning for Diagnosis and Risk Prediction in Nuclear Cardiology — Interview with Piotr J. Slomka, Ph.D.,

Artificial Intelligence Applications in Cardiology

VIDEO: Artificial Intelligence May Improve Cath Lab Interventions — Interview with Nick West, M.D., Abbott CMO

How Artificial Intelligence Will Change Medical Imaging

VIDEO: Artificial Intelligence for Echocardiography at Mass General — Interview with Judy Hung, M.D.

VIDEO: ACC Efforts to Advance Evidence-based Implementation of AI in Cardiovascular Care — Interview with John Rumsfeld, M.D.

VIDEO: Overview of Artificial Intelligence and its Use in Cardiology — Interview with Anthony Chang, M.D.

For more AI in cardiology content

 

Artificial Intelligence | September 21, 2020

Nick West, M.D., chief medical officer for Abbott, explains the details from a survey of 1,400 patients, physicians and healthcare executives in an effort to understand the needs to guide future technology development. Artificial intelligence (AI) is being looked at as a way to better personalize medicine. In the cath lab, AI might be used to help interpret intravascular images as a second set of eyes for the physician. AI also might enable immediate feedback on how to proceed with a case based on current guidelines and clinical evidence.

Read more about the survey in the article "Emerging Technology and Data Key to Closing Treatment Gaps to Improve Cardiovascular Care."

See Part 1 of this video where west describes the key findings of the survey in the VIDEO: Survey Shows Large Disconnect in Medical Technology Across Continuum of Care.

 

 

Structural Heart | September 16, 2020

Juan F. Granada, M.D., CEO of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) explains structural heart innovations and new technologies have exploded in the past few years after the success of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) with the MitraClip. 

Granada said device technologies in development for interventional heart failure therapies, mitral valve and tricuspid replacements and repairs have grown rapidly in just the past couple years. He said the Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapies (TCT) 2020 received a very large number of presentation proposals for new structural heart innovations.

Hear more about the TCT 2020 virtual meeting in the VIDEO: What to Expect at the Virtual TCT 2020 Meeting, an interview with Juan Granada.

 

 

 

Cardiovascular Business | September 14, 2020

Nick West, M.D., chief medical officer for Abbott, explains the details from a survey of 1,400 patients, physicians and healthcare executives in an effort to understand the high-level issues regarding the use of technology in medicine, the gaps in communication, and patient perceptions to guide future technology development. 

Four high-level observations emerged from our study:

1. Patients are frustrated by the level of care they’re receiving – they understandably want a personalized healthcare experience “tailored for me,” across the care continuum.

2. Physicians lament the lack of time they have to spend with patients, their limited visibility into patient adherence to treatment and lifestyle changes, and challenges with other key factors that influence the quality of care they can provide.

3. Administrators are pressured to deliver patient satisfaction and reduce costs across multiple departments.

4. Diagnostic and data-driven technology holds the promise to move care from a point-in-time, intervention-only focus to a more holistic “whole patient” view by improving the accuracy of
diagnosis, appropriate interventions as required, and evidence-based post-procedural care.

Read more about the survey in the article "Emerging Technology and Data Key to Closing Treatment Gaps to Improve Cardiovascular Care."

See Part 2 of this video where West describes the how AI might be used in interventional cardiology in the VIDEO: Artificial Intelligence May Improve Cath Lab Interventions.

Radial Access | September 11, 2020

Atlantic Health System’s Morristown Medical Center has opened one of the region’s first radial lounges in its Gagnon Cardiovascular Institute. Radial access lounges are specifically designed to meet the needs of cardiac catheterization patients who have had their procedure performed through a catheter inserted into their radial artery in the wrist, also known as transradial catheterization. This procedure, which has a shorter recovery period and less bleeding risk than traditional cardiac catheterizations done through the femoral (groin) artery, is now an option for many patients who are catheterized in order to conduct a diagnostic angiogram or have an angioplasty or stent procedure. 

Unlike traditional recovery areas for femoral access that require constant compression of the groin for several hours and requires the patient not to move from the bed, radial patients in the lounge sit is recliners and can use the washroom and get coffee and snacks and are able to walk around with just a compression wrist band. lounges like this are being used at several centers for same-day percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures, eliminating overnight stays and helping to reduce healthcare costs.

Read more about the lounge in the article Atlantic Health Morristown Medical Center Opens Radial Lounge for Post-procedure Recovery.

 

Related Transradial Access Content:

VIDEO: Tour of a Radial Access Recovery Lounge That Mimics Cafe Atmosphere — Interview with Jack P. Chen, M.D.

VIDEO: The Benefits of Transradial Access — Interview with Jack P. Chen, M.D.

Radial Access Recovery Lounge Mimics Cafe Atmosphere

VIDEO: History of Radial Artery Access - an interview with Ferdinand Kiemeneij, M.D.

 

Radial Access Adoption in the United States

VIDEO: New Frontiers in Radial Access — an interview with Mladen I. Vidovich, M.D.

Radial Access, Same-Day Cardiac Procedure Could Save $300 Million Annually

VIDEO: Update on U.S. Transradial Access Adoption — an interview with Sunil Rao, M.D.

 

VIDEO: Trends in Radial Access for Percutaneous Coronary Interventions — Interview with Sunil Rao, M.D., and Prashant Kaul, M.D.

Transradial Access Celebrates 25 Years

Pharmaceuticals | September 10, 2020

Matthew Budoff, M.D., director of cardiovascular CT at The Lundquist Institute, and professor of medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, presented the  EVAPORATE Study final results at the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 2020 Congress. He explains how cardiac CT was used to monitor patients taking icosapent ethyl (Vascepa) showed it showed a 17 percent reversal of low attenuation plaques in the coronary arteries.

Final results from Effect of Icosapent Ethyl on Progression of Coronary Atherosclerosis in Patients with Elevated Triglycerides on Statin Therapy (EVAPORATE) Trial showed a significant reduction in the primary endpoint of icosapent ethyl reducing LAP plaque volume from baseline. Whereas there was a progression of LAP plaque volume in the placebo group. There were significant differences between icosapent ethyl and placebo at study end for secondary endpoints of other types of plaque volume changes, including and sequentially total, total non-calcified, fibrofatty, and fibrous plaque volumes. All regressed in the icosapent ethyl group and progressed in the placebo group, (p<0.01 for all). The only secondary endpoint which did not achieve a significant difference between groups in multivariable modeling was dense calcium (p=0.053).

Read more in the article "Icosapent Ethyl Significantly Reduces Coronary Plaque in EVAPORATE Study."

Find more ESC news

 

 

Drug-Eluting Balloons | September 09, 2020

Juan F. Granada, M.D., CEO of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) worked on preclinical development work for a couple drug-eluting balloons (DEBs) and offers an overview on the technology. 

Granada also sheds some light on the biggest question regarding drug-coated balloons (DCBs) with the 2019 U.S. Food and Drug Administration warning that the devices might cause higher mortality, based on a December 2018 meta-analysis of trial data that showed an increased mortality signal. This was a big topic of discussion at TCT 2019 and again at SCAI in 2020 and more recent study data has shown there is no safety issue. 

The basic DCB technology is also discussed by Granada, who explains how the excipients used to carry to anti-proliferative drug on the balloon surface and the crystalline structure of the drug are key differentiators. He said these two elements are key in how much drug is delivered and the duration of its elution in the vessel wall.
 

Related Drug-eluting Balloon Content:

Recent Developments in Drug-Coated Balloons

Comparison Chart of Drug-eluting Balloons (requires login but is free to signup)

Positive Data for the Ranger Drug-coated Balloon and Eluvia Vascular Stent

LEVANT Trial Data Shows Safety of Drug-Coated Balloon Shown

Drug-coated Balloon Maintains Good Outcomes in 4-Year IN.PACT Global Study Data

No Difference Between Drug-coated Balloons and Plain Balloons After Laser Atherectomy

Philips Shares Three-Year Results for Stellarex .035 Drug-Coated Balloon

VIDEO: SCAI Prospective on Key Takeaways at TCT 2019 — Interview with Chandan Devireddy, M.D., including discussion of the LEVANT study results

Remote Viewing Systems | August 19, 2020

Enterprise viewers are designed to provide fast and easy access to a patient’s imaging history, and today’s modern healthcare systems require a clinical viewer capable of meeting the diverse needs of a large group of users. GE Healthcare’s Zero Footprint Viewer can quickly and easily display digital images, video clips and cine loops from any department and on many different devices.

It provides access to images and reports from anywhere, whether it’s on the hospital floor, in surgery, in clinic or at home, to allow clinicians to access and develop clinical insights that deliver patient results and drive operational efficiencies.

Learn more at https://www.gehealthcare.com/products/healthcare-it/enterprise-imaging/centricity-universal-viewer-zero-footprint

 

Cardiovascular Ultrasound | August 13, 2020

This is a tutorial video on how to perform an artificial intelligence (AI) automated cardiac ejection fraction measurement using the GE Healthcare Vscan Extend point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) system and the LVivo EF app, developed and licensed by DiA Imaging Analysis. This FDA-cleared app enables an automated edge detection of left ventricular endocardium and calculates end-diastolic, end-systolic volumes and ejection fraction, using apical 4-chamber view.

the LVivo EF app was showcased by GE Healthcare in its virtual booth at the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) 2020 virtual meeting. POCUS imaging has emerged as a primary imaging modality for bedside assessment of COVID-19 patients in 2020.

 

Related ASE News and POCUS Content:

VIDEO: Automated Cardiac Ejection Fraction for Point-of-care-ultrasound Using Artificial Intelligence

LVivo EF Comparable to MRI, Contrast Echo in Assessing Ejection Fraction

GE Highlights New Echocardiography Technologies at ASE 2020

Other ASE news and video

 

Cardiac Imaging | August 12, 2020

Advanced visualization company Medis recently purchased Advanced Medical Imaging Development S.r.l. (AMID), which developed software to automatically track and measure strain in echocardiograms. That technology is now being adapted for strain imaging in CT and MRI. Using this imaging data, the software also can noninvasively derive pressure gradient loops and curves, similar to using invasive pulmonary arterial (PA) hemodynamic pressure catheters. This information is useful in monitoring critically ill patients on hemodynamic support and to monitor worsening severity of heart failure. 

The technology was discussed at the 2020 Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) virtual meeting. Examples of this technology are presented in this video. 
 

Find more news and video from SCCT 2020

VIDEO: Photon Counting Detectors Will be the Next Major Advance in Computed Tomography
 

Artificial Intelligence | August 12, 2020

Todd Villines, M.D., FACC, FAHA, MSCCT, explains how artificial intelligence (AI) might be used in the near future to automatically calculate CT calcium scoring and radiomic feature assessments. This was a key take away during the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) 2020 virtual meeting. 

Villines is the Julian Ruffin Beckwith Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Virginia, editor-in-chief of the Journal of Cardiovascular CT (JCCT),  and SCCT past-president.

AI is already commercially used to improve CT image reconstruction to increase the diagnostic quality of the images, especially from low-dose scans. AI is now being applied to automate time-consuming tasks in CT image reads, such as manually calculated calcium scores and automated contouring and quantification of anatomy and function of the heart.

Another area that is seeing a lot of research in in radiomics, where AI is being used to sift through thousands of CT scans to look for subtle imaging traits that may indicate the early development or worsening of disease. These subtle changes may not be evident to radiologists reading the scans, but AI software can identify similarities in patients as a trend and alert researchers to look at that specific trait as a potential imaging biomarker.

 

Other Key Trends and Technology at SCCT:

Top 9 Cardiovascular CT Studies in Past Year 

VIDEO: Photon Counting Detectors Will be the Next Major Advance in Computed Tomography

VIDEO: Increased Use of Cardiac CT During the COVID-19 Pandemic

VIDEO: Key Cardiac CT Papers Presented at SCCT 2020

Low-attenuation Coronary Plaque Burden May Become Next Big Cardiac Risk Assessment

Impact of Cardiac CT During COVID-19

VIDEO: Artificial Intelligence to Automate CT Calcium Scoring and Radiomics

 

Computed Tomography (CT) | August 11, 2020

Todd Villines, M.D., FACC, FAHA, MSCCT, said photon counting CT detectors were a key new technology discussed at the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) 2020 virtual meeting. He said the technology will likely replace conventional CT detectors in the next decade.

These new detectors also can take a single scan and bin the various energies to reconstruct a range of mono-energtic scan renderings similar to dual-energy CT, but on a wider spectrum of kV levels. This spectral aspect of photon counting also allows material decomposition based on the chemical elements that make up various materials in the scan, including calcium and metals that make up stents, orthopedic implants and replacement heart valves. This enables easier, automated removal of metal blooming artifacts and the ability to clearly image inside calcified arteries.

Villines is the Julian Ruffin Beckwith Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Virginia, editor-in-chief of the Journal of Cardiovascular CT (JCCT),  and SCCT past-president.

 

Other Key Trends and Technology at SCCT:

Top 9 Cardiovascular CT Studies in Past Year 

VIDEO: Increased Use of Cardiac CT During the COVID-19 Pandemic

VIDEO: Coronary Plaque Quantification Will Become Major Risk Assessment

VIDEO: Key Cardiac CT Papers Presented at SCCT 2020

VIDEO: Artificial Intelligence to Automate CT Calcium Scoring and Radiomics

Low-attenuation Coronary Plaque Burden May Become Next Big Cardiac Risk Assessment

Impact of Cardiac CT During COVID-19

 

CT Angiography (CTA) | August 11, 2020

Todd Villines, M.D., FACC, FAHA, MSCCT, explains some of most influential cardiac CT clinical papers from the past year at the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) 2020 virtual meeting. Among these were the ISCHEMIA Trial, others showing the value of CT is assessing chest pain patients and its ability to act as a gate keeper to the cath lab, and the 2019 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines that now list cardiac as a preferred imaging modality.

Villines is the Julian Ruffin Beckwith Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Virginia, editor-in-chief of the Journal of Cardiovascular CT (JCCT), and SCCT past-president.

 

Other Key Trends and Technology at SCCT:

Top 9 Cardiovascular CT Studies in Past Year 

VIDEO: Increased Use of Cardiac CT During the COVID-19 Pandemic

VIDEO: Coronary Plaque Quantification Will Become Major Risk Assessment

VIDEO: Photon Counting Detectors Will be the Next Major Advance in Computed Tomography

VIDEO: Artificial Intelligence to Automate CT Calcium Scoring and Radiomics

Low-attenuation Coronary Plaque Burden May Become Next Big Cardiac Risk Assessment

Impact of Cardiac CT During COVID-19

 

CT Angiography (CTA) | August 11, 2020

Todd Villines, M.D., FACC, FAHA, MSCCT, explains how coronary plaque assessment will become a new risk assessment tool in cardiac CT. This was a key take away during the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) 2020 virtual meeting in July. He is the Julian Ruffin Beckwith Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Virginia; editor-in-chief of the Journal of Cardiovascular CT (JCCT), and SCCT past-president. 

While basic plaque assessments have been available for several years on CT vendor and third-party advanced visualization software, it lacked automation standardization for what various values meant and clinical evidence it was relevant. However, several speakers in SCCT sessions said that is now changing, with more specific analysis being tested clinically and automation using artificial intelligence. 

Several key opinion leaders in cardiac CT said this new information and automation will likely lead to a revision of the current CAD-RADS scoring system used by radiologists and cardiologists when assessing the coronary event risk of patients. They are calling for the new CAD-RADS 2.0 to include a detailed plaque assessment.  

 

Related SCCT Key Trends and New Technology Content:

Low-attenuation Coronary Plaque Burden May Become Next Big Cardiac Risk Assessment

Top 9 Cardiovascular CT Studies in Past Year 

VIDEO: Increased Use of Cardiac CT During the COVID-19 Pandemic

VIDEO: Key Cardiac CT Papers Presented at SCCT 2020

VIDEO: Photon Counting Detectors Will be the Next Major Advance in Computed Tomography

VIDEO: Artificial Intelligence to Automate CT Calcium Scoring and Radiomics 

Impact of Cardiac CT During COVID-19
 

CT Angiography (CTA) | August 11, 2020

Todd Villines, M.D., FACC, FAHA, MSCCT, explains some of the discussion on CT used for COVID-19 patients at the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) 2020 virtual meeting in July. He is the Julian Ruffin Beckwith Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Virginia; editor-in-chief of the Journal of Cardiovascular CT (JCCT), and SCCT past-president. 

Early on in the COVID-19 pandemic in China, CT emerged as a key imaging modality and was found to be able to detect COVID ground glass lesions in the lungs sometimes prior to positive genetic PCR test results. Supporters of CT say the modality offers a way to get detailed anatomical and functional information using a short exam time and limits the exposure of staff to potential or known COVID-19 positive patients.

One area where cardiac CT is seeing a lot of increased his is for the evaluation of thrombus in the left atrial appendage (LAA). This is traditionally done using transesophageal echo (TEE), but it required very close contact with the patient and direct exposure of staff to bodily fluids and potential viral shed from the patient exhaling with each breath.

 

Related CT During COVID-19 Content:

Cardiac Imaging Best Practices During the COVID-19 Pandemic

VIDEO: CT and POCUS Emerge As Frontline Cardiac Imaging Modalities in COVID-19 Era — Interview with Geoffrey Rose, M.D.,

ASE Guidelines for the Protection of Echocardiography Providers During the COVID-19 Outbreak 

Study Looks at CT Findings of COVID-19 Through Recovery

Experts Stress Radiology Preparedness for COVID-19

ACR Recommendations for the Use of Chest Radiography and CT for Suspected COVID-19 Cases

Impact of Cardiac CT During COVID-19

 

Other SCCT Key Trends and New Technology Content:

Top 9 Cardiovascular CT Studies in Past Year 

VIDEO: Coronary Plaque Quantification Will Become Major Risk Assessment

VIDEO: Key Cardiac CT Papers Presented at SCCT 2020

VIDEO: Photon Counting Detectors Will be the Next Major Advance in Computed Tomography

VIDEO: Artificial Intelligence to Automate CT Calcium Scoring and Radiomics

Low-attenuation Coronary Plaque Burden May Become Next Big Cardiac Risk Assessment

TCT | August 01, 2020

With COVID-19 forcing all medical conferences to go virtual in 2020, Juan F. Granada, M.D., CEO of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) explains how this year's Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) 2020 meeting is being structured and some of the advantages of the virtual format. He also shares how the virtual format was actually very helpful at CRF's Transcatheter Valve Therapeutics (TVT) Structural Heart Summit earlier this summer.

Virtual cardiology meetings so far in 2020 have found the format enables much more participation by international physicians than in the past. TCT is using this idea to focus sessions aimed at Asia and Europe at different parts that correspond to the end of the work day in those parts of the world. Granada said U.S. focused sessions will take place toward the end of the day across the United States to accommodate more attendees during the sessions, since many will be attending after they are finished for the day, rather than take days off to attend.

Virtual Cardiology Meetings During COVID-19 Allowing More International Attendance

VIDEO: Insights Into How HRS Organized its Virtual Meeting — a discussion with Krahn after the HRS 2020 virtual meeting on lessons learned.

EP Lab | July 28, 2020

Devi G. Nair, M.D., FHRS, director of cardiac electrophysiology, St. Bernards Heart and Vascular Center, Jonesboro, Ark., explains the impact of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) on her EP program and what was done to continue operations and recover procedural volume. She also shares how EP played a role in the team approach to treating coronavirus patients at her center.

Her experience is an example of how centers have dealt with issues related to the pandemic, including shutting down elective procedures, treating emergent cases, reopening services, new safety precautions and how telehealth played a role.

Nair is also chairman for the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) member engagement sub-committee and is a board member of the Arkansas chapter of the American College of Cardiology (ACC).

Watch Nair in this interview — VIDEO: Overview of LAA Occlusion Using the Watchman FLX

 

 

Related COVID-19 Cardiology Content:

VIDEO: Why QT-prolongation Occurs in COVID-19 Patients on Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin — Interview with Andrew Krahn, M.D.

The Cardiovascular Impact of COVID-19

How Cardiology Dealt With the COVID-19 Surge in New York City

Kawasaki-like Inflammatory Disease Affects Children With COVID-19 

 

VIDEO: Impact of COVID-19 on the Interventional Cardiology Program at Henry Ford Hospital — Interview with William O'Neill, M.D.

ACC COVID-19 Clinical Guidance For the Cardiovascular Care Team

FDA Reports of Deaths and Injuries From Use of Antimalarial hydroxychloroquine in COVID-19 Patients

New Research Highlights Blood Clot Dangers of COVID-19

 

How to Manage AMI Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic 

Older Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients May Have Increased Risk of Bradycardia With Lopinavir and Ritonavir

VIDEO: Where Have all the STEMI Cases Gone Amid COVID-19? — Interview with Thomas Maddox, M.D.